If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for a while, you may find yourself looking for signs of implantation. But what exactly is implantation? What happens when it occurs and what does it feel like? And finally, what can you do to improve the chance of successful implantation?
This article will focus on everything you need to know about this important process.
Before implantation can occur, ovulation and fertilization must happen first.
Ovulation, or the release of an egg from the ovary, occurs about two weeks before your period. The egg then rests in a part of the fallopian tube, known as the ampullary-isthmic junction.
If you have unprotected sex around the time of ovulation, the egg and sperm can join together in a process known as fertilization.
This fertilized egg begins to divide in half over and over again. During this time, it begins the long journey down the rest of the fallopian tube and into the uterus. This is where implantation occurs.
Implantation is the process of a fertilized egg attaching to the lining of the uterus. This is important because it allows the growing embryo to get nutrients from the mother’s uterus so it can grow and develop.
If the fertilized egg does not implant into the lining of the uterus, you are not pregnant.
Implantation can occur anytime between 6DPO and 12 DPO (days after ovulation). However, it appears that days 8 to 10 are the most common.
If implantation happens after 10 days, it could mean that hormones and other factors may not be right for pregnancy to continue.
Researchers studied the link between late implantation and the risk of miscarriage. They found that there is a higher risk of miscarriage with each day of late implantation.
The risk of miscarriage is:
It doesn’t appear that late implantation causes miscarriage. Instead, there may be something wrong with the embryo that is causing the late implantation.
Right after implantation, there are several important hormonal changes. The embryo begins making a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG. This hormone is detected by home pregnancy tests and indicates a pregnancy!
The rising level of hCG also triggers the continued rise of progesterone levels. Progesterone is a hormone that is needed to support the developing pregnancy.
Successful implantation depends on having a high progesterone to support the new pregnancy.
The Inito Fertility Monitor lets you track your progesterone levels after ovulation. It measures PdG, which is a progesterone metabolite in your urine. You will get your actual hormonal levels in the form of a chart on the Inito app.
Low or declining progesterone levels after ovulation can mean a short luteal phase.
Studies show that low values of progesterone post ovulation can reduce the chances of successful implantation.
Having this information means you can have a better conversation with your doctor.
It’s different for everyone! Some women don’t feel any different or notice anything out of the ordinary, while others do get some symptoms. It gets trickier because many of the symptoms of implantation are just like those of PMS.
This can leave many women obsessively looking up their symptoms to figure out what is going on.
Unfortunately, it’s hard to know for sure until you either take a pregnancy test or get a full-flow period. This is because high progesterone levels happen with both PMS and implantation.
If you wish to know what happens after implantation, you need to know the symptoms of implantation.
Possible symptoms of implantation include:
These sensations may stick around or sometimes they come and go, but they only tend to last for a couple of days.
It’s important to know that having or not having symptoms of implantation does not mean that you are or aren’t pregnant.
Up to 50% of fertilized eggs may not implant and are lost during a woman’s period. If you’re trying to get pregnant, you may wonder what you can do to ensure that implantation is successful.
Well, there’s good news and bad news.
First, the good news. Embryos are quite resilient and there’s not much that you can do to affect implantation.
However, that’s also the bad news because there’s not much you can do to guarantee a successful implantation.
The best advice is to keep doing whatever you can do to stay healthy:
Please make sure to check in with your doctor if you have any concerns or questions.
Yes! Medically speaking, implantation is the start of a pregnancy. Depending on the pregnancy test you use, you should get a positive result. Don’t forget to call your doctor and start prenatal care. Congratulations!
Conception: How it works. Retrieved from https://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/conception-how-it-works
Time of Implantation of the Conceptus and Loss of Pregnancy. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199906103402304
A Review of Mechanisms of Implantation. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5769129/#:~:text=Implantation%20consists%20of%20three%20stages,epithelial%20basement%20membrane%20and%20invade
Stages of the Development of the Fetus. Retrieved from https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/women-s-health-issues/normal-pregnancy/stages-of-development-of-the-fetus